‘Mugabe does not need Khama’s endorsement. Khama does not matter , except in Botswana.’-Nathaniel Manheru-a.k.a George Charamba



MDC-T national organising secretary, Abednico Bhebhe, has declared that God will intervene and “remove” President Robert Mugabe from power if the 92-year-old Zanu PF leader rigs his way back into power in the crunch 2018 election.

Addressing MDC-T supporters during the party’s 17th anniversary celebrations in Bulawayo on Saturday, Bhebhe said Mugabe was now facing the twin combination of the ballot box and God’s will.

“Actually, today we are celebrating the demise of that one man who has destroyed Zimbabwe. If Mugabe rigs the elections in 2018 to claim victory against us, God will help us and remove him. He may rig, but God will intervene to remove him,” he told cheering party supporters.

Bhebhe later told Southern Eye that God will not continue watching, but will intervene at the appropriate time to redeem Zimbabweans from Zanu PF misrule.

“I meant to say Mugabe is a human being just like us and that God cannot let him continue to crucify other human beings for that long. Mugabe will meet his maker,” he said, urging the Zanu PF leader to heed public calls for him to step down.

MDC-T leader, Morgan Tsvangirai said Mugabe must step down or face a violent exit.

But Mugabe, in power since 1980, has brushed away such calls, claiming he still had the mandate to complete his current term and contest the 2018 elections, as mandated by his party.

Recently, Botswana President Ian Khama said Mugabe had become a liability to Zimbabwe and the Sadc region.

However, Mugabe’s hangers-on have scoffed at Khama’s remarks.

On Saturday, a State media columnist revealed to be Mugabe’s spokesperson, George Charamba, dressed down Khama in his Nathaniel Manheru column.

“The trouble is to begin to think that our views on Khama matter to the Tswana nation and its whole governance processes. Simple they don’t, and, by reverse logic, Khama’s views on Mugabe can only be just that: airy views soon to be blown away into the nether,” Manheru wrote.

“Mugabe does not need the endorsement of Khama, and this whole piece has had to be written not because Khama’s views matter, but because he seems to think they do when it comes to Zimbabwean politics. Much worse, because a fringe body of opinion in this country seems to think Khama matters. He does not, except in his own country and among his own people.” source-newsday

37 Zimbabwean illegal immigrants ( 21 men, 11 women , and 5 children ‘ intercepted on N1 in Polokwane, South Africa




SOUTH African police have rescued 37 undocumented Zimbabweans from a human trafficking syndicate and arrested two taxi drivers who were transporting the victims.

The illegal immigrants — 21 men, 11 women and five children — were intercepted in Polokwane while on their way to Pretoria. In a statement, Limpopo provincial police spokesperson Lieutenant-Colonel Moatshe Ngoape said they received a tip-off that three Toyota Quantum kombis were transporting illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe to Pretoria on Thursday last week.

“According to information, the Zimbabwean illegal immigrants crossed into South Africa through an illegal crossing point. We intercepted two taxis and we are still searching for the third one and its driver. We suspect that these people were being trafficked and we are investigating,” said Lt-Col Ngoape.

He said the intercepted vehicles were being driven along the N1 South highway.

“The cars, which were heading towards Pretoria, were spotted just before Polokwane and on being stopped, a search was conducted and it was discovered that the 37 Zimbabweans were all illegal immigrants,” said the police spokesperson.

Lt-Col Ngoape said the Zimbabweans will be charged for violating the Immigration Act while the two drivers are facing charges of transporting illegal immigrants under the same Act.

He said the two drivers and the victims will all appear in the Polokwane magistrate’s court soon.

According to the Department of Immigration, an average of 100 illegal migrants are intercepted daily at Beitbridge Border Post as they try to enter South Africa.

Zimbabwean border jumpers wishing to cross into South Africa are helped by commuter omnibus drivers commonly known as omalayitsha who are well connected to officials on both sides of the border. source-chronicle

ZIMBABWE, & HIV and AIDS hit countries, face anti-retroviral drugs crisis as ARV’s will be back on patent and cos tover US$10 000 per year per patient when India stops making generic ARV’s soon



ZIMBABWE, among other HIV and AIDS hit countries, is staring at a potential dilemma in accessing anti-retroviral drugs as indications are that the drug will be back on patent where it will cost more than $10 000 per year per patient as India will soon stop making generic ARV’s that are cheaper.

Zimbabwe was accessing most of its ARVs, for example the Aids triple therapy, at an average of $200 per patient per year but the same drug costs between $10 000 and $15 000 when it is procured from Western countries. Under international laws, when new medicines are discovered, the owners of the medicine will take out a patent on it. This is a legal entitlement which will grant the owners a monopoly of 20 years to manufacture, market, distribute and license to other parties under royalty.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) since 1970, India’s Patent Act has allowed Indian manufacturers to legally produce generic versions of medicines patented in other countries. India’s expertise in reverse drug engineering and the efficiency of its pharmaceutical manufacturing industry fast established it as the prime source of generic medicines in the world.

However, officials said the 20-year monopoly will come to an end by next year, putting countries that relied on India for supply at risk. The director of Aids and TB Unit in the Ministry of Health and Child Care, Dr Owen Mugurungi, confirmed that supplies from India might dry up in the coming year.

“It is true that India is expected to be TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) compliant in the coming year or so. Under the TRIPS agreement, countries can invoke compulsory licensing which means Zimbabwe will not sit back, but will explore options for local licensing and we have started exploring on ways to capacitate the local pharmaceutical industry in the local production of ARVs,” he said.

Dr Mugurungi said patenting of ARVs if fully implemented, will have cost implications on the quantities of medicines that can be procured using the same resources available from the country and or those that would have been committed from development and funding partners.

“This ultimately will have a limitation on the total number of patients that can be covered on treatment and subsequently on the global drive towards meeting the 90-90-90 targets. As shared before this has potential implications at global level (including Zimbabwe) and should not be looked only at country level. Targets are always set at global level after factoring in total anticipated funding to be availed towards fighting the epidemic and the current HIV epidemiological progress status and this will definitely have implications on the total number of clients to be covered on treatment,” he said.

Asked on what can be done in order to ensure that those already on treatment are guaranteed of getting drugs if India stops manufacturing generics, Dr Mugurungi said:

“In Zimbabwe’s context, all our patients for 2016 and 2017 (those currently in care and those anticipated to be commenced on treatment) will be fully covered in terms of access to medicines as procurement processes of the bulk of ARVs to be utilised have already been finalised (procurements are done nine months prior).

“Hypothetically if India stops manufacturing ARVs at the end of this year, we will be covered for 12 months plus during which the country including the global community is to strategise on the way forward. Under the current procurement arrangement, in addition to procurement of ARVs stocks for clients in care, a six months buffer stock is always procured at the same time to avoid stock interruptions due to unforeseen circumstances,” he said.

Dr Mugurungi said there were also several other measures being put in place including courting the private sector to explore ways in which local production of medicines including ARVs can be supported.

He said plans were through regional trade blocs to support regional initiatives which promote free trade and the setting up of regional pharmaceutical manufacturing hubs of ARVs in partnership with Indian companies who have experience.

Continuing access to affordable medicines is possible by making use of the flexibilities included in the TRIPS agreement. For instance, TRIPS allows countries to overcome patent barriers by issuing compulsory licences or licences for government use, which allow the production or importation of generic medicines without the consent of the patent holder.

Zimbabwe amended its law in 2002 to fully comply with the terms of the Trips Agreement.

“We should have waited until 2005 before we complied with the Trips Agreement. By adhering to the terms of the TRIPS Agreement prematurely, the country forfeited its rights to utilise the flexibilities that we had in terms of the agreement. India, on the other hand, took the opportunity to grow its pharmaceutical industry by manufacturing generic medicines.”

The legal expert explained that middle income countries were not obliged to protect patent rights until 2005, and as a result had the liberty to manufacture medicines that were under patent. Medicines under patent tend to be more expensive as the patents create monopolies which, in turn, drive up product prices.

“For instance, the price of antiretroviral medicines were between US$10 000-US$15 000 per year per patient in 1996, but this cost came down to less than US$300 when generic ARVs started being manufactured in India. As Zimbabwe had a thriving pharmaceutical manufacturing industry, this would have been an opportune time to take maximum advantage of the situation,” he said.

The country did manufacture some generic ARVs through Varichem Pharmaceuticals which had been granted a compulsory licence by the Government. A compulsory licence is one of the flexibilities under the TRIPS Agreement which allows for the generic manufacture of patented medicines under certain conditions. However, the legal expert explained that the issuing of the compulsory licence would have been irrelevant had the country not adhered to the TRIPS Agreement.

However, despite having missed the opportunity to grow its pharmaceutical industry through using the TRIPS flexibilities, Zimbabwe does have a number of other flexibilities available.

According to Mr Washington Matika of the Southern African Regional Programme on Access to Medicines and Diagnostics (SARPAM), the country should move to ensure that all the flexibilities are incorporated in the national legislation, as well as ensuring that the National Intellectual Property Policy for Zimbabwe is approved by Cabinet.

The policy, which was validated in 2015, provides for the full utilisation of the TRIPS flexibilities by the Government.

However, the policy has not been approved by Cabinet and remains on the shelf to date, sources claimed. Mr Matika added that the TRIPS flexibilities were factored into the agreement to ensure that developing countries continued to access more affordable medicines for their people, thus shielding them from the harsh terms of the TRIPS Agreement.

Mr Matika added that a conducive legislative and policy environment in Zimbabwe can enable the country’s pharmaceutical industry to manufacture generic ARV’s as well as anti-TB, malaria and cancer medicines at a cheaper price.

He also lamented the fact that foreign donors are providing the bulk of Zimbabwe’s ARVs requirements, and in the event of them pulling out, there will be serious challenges in the health sector due to the country’s lack of generic manufacturing capacity. This will result in the medicines becoming expensive for the majority of the population. Robin Muchetu, Source-sundaynews

Why former Southern Rhodesia’s ,now Zimbabwe’s second largest city, has Scottish Place Names

Why former Southern Rhodesia’s ,now Zimbabwe’s second largest city, has Scottish Place Names is mainly because

this is a legacy of the days when Zimbabwe was known as Southern Rhodesia, with the bulk of whose European population being British. It is well known from history that, a  sizeable proportion of these settlers would have been Scots.

Of the names of the 156 suburbs that have been identified to date in the Greater Bulawayo area, 38 (24.4%) can be found in Scotland or are based on Scottish family names. Of course, many of the names are used in other parts of the British Isles as well, but at least 15 of them (9.6%) are unique to Scotland, are based on Scottish family names or are readily identifiable with places in Scotland that are based on the same names. It may surprise some readers to find Scottish names in this southern African city. This is a legacy of the days when Zimbabwe was known as Southern Rhodesia

The founder of the city of Bulawayo was in fact a Scotsman, Leander Starr Jameson (1853-1917), who was Cecil John Rhodes’ right-hand man. It should be remembered that several explorers of ‘Darkest Africa’ were Scotsmen too, including the missionary-explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873), whose discoveries paved the way for later British colonisation of central Africa.
Suburbs and neighbourhoods with names that occur only in Scotland and not elsewhere in the British Isles, and/or are definitely or most probably of Scottish origin are: Barbourfields – there is a place called Barbour in Argyll & Bute. Barbour is a Scottish family name, though it was apparently first recorded on the English side of the border, in Cumbria and Northumberland. The father of Scottish vernacular poetry, John Barbour (1320-1395), is best remembered for his epic poem “The Brus” telling the story of King Robert I. The origin of the name is occupational (a cutter of hair as well as an extractor of teeth during the Middle Ages).
According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, the suburb was named after a former Mayor, H. R. Barbour who, “during the colonial era, was greatly interested in the welfare of the indigenous people.” Burnside (two places in Angus and one place in each of Fife, Moray, South Lanarkshire and West Lothian). Burn is a Scottish and northern English word for a stream.
Douglasdale (the valley in South Lanarkshire in which Douglas and Douglas Castle are located). The Douglas family, descendants of William de Duglas (late 12th Century) was one of the most powerful in Scotland. Glencoe Glencoe (Highland – see illustration) – this name is etched into the Scottish psyche as the bleak glen in the Highlands where, in 1692, a party of MacDonald men, women and children was treacherously massacred by the Campbells, who were acting under government orders.
Glengarry (Aberdeenshire and Highland). The “Glengarry” bonnet is an oblong woollen cap, popular amongst pipe bands. Hume Park – there is a Hume in the Scottish Borders, as well as Humehall, Hume Castle, Hume Craigs, Hume Mill and Hume Orchard; also Humesett and Humeston in Ayrshire. Hume/Home is a Lowland Scottish family name.
Kelvin, Kelvin East, Kelvin North and Kelvin West – these suburbs were apparently named in reference to a suburb of Glasgow, which in turn takes its name from the river Kelvin, a tributary of the river Clyde.
Lochview – there is a Lochview in North Lanarkshire as well as many guesthouses and hotels in Scotland with this descriptive name (‘view of the loch’). According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, the suburb was named in reference to Lakeside Dam.
Montrose Old Church Steeple Montrose (Angus).
The distinctive Steeple of Montrose Old Church shown here is a “signature” of the town. One of the reasons for the popularity of the name Montrose throughout the English-speaking world may have to do with Sir Walter Scott’s novel ‘The Legend of Montrose’, published in 1819. Or it may be a reference to the brilliant soldier James Graham, the first Marquis of Montrose, who achieved a series of victories in his campaign in Scotland on behalf of King Charles I.
Morningside (Dumfries & Galloway, City of Edinburgh, North Lanarkshire and Perth & Kinross). Paddonhurst – Paddon is a Scottish family name first recorded in Dumfries-shire. The suburb was named after a pioneer, Major Cecil Paddon, O.B.E. (Bulawayo City Suburb Names).
Southdale (Shetland Islands). Other suburbs and neighbourhoods with names that can be found in Scotland but that are not unique to Scotland and are therefore far less likely to have a Scottish connection are: Barham Green – there is a village in Fife called Barham but the name is encountered more commonly in England.
This suburb was apparently named after two people who were intimately involved in its establishment: Mrs M.E. Barham, a former Bulawayo City Councillor who later became an Alderman and the Reverend Rufus Green (Bulawayo City Suburb Names). Since Barham and Green are both English family names, a connection with Scotland seems unlikely.
Beacon Hill (Dumfries & Galloway) but the name is far more common throughout England and is also found in Wales.
The origin of the name of this suburb, which is also known as Beryl Drive, appears to be purely descriptive of the fact that the beacon on the summit of the hill marks the highest point in the city and suburbs (Bulawayo City Suburb Names).
Bellevue (Dumfries & Galloway, Highland, Orkney Islands and Perth & Kinross) also in England, Ireland and Wales, sometimes spelt Belle Vue. The origin of this universally popular place name is ultimately French – ‘beautiful view’.
The suburb takes its name from that of an early estate in the area (Bulawayo City Suburb Names). Belmont and Belmont East – there are several places in Scotland called Belmont (in the Scottish Borders, Shetland Islands and South Ayrshire). Since Belmont was an extremely popular choice of name in all English-speaking countries during the nineteenth century, it is also widely found in England, Ireland and Wales and other countries.
Like Bellevue, its origin is French – ‘beautiful mountain, or ‘beautiful hill’. These suburbs were actually named after a former Bulawayo City Engineer, Mr. Kinmont (Bulawayo City Suburb Names). Kinmont is a Scottish family name from Fifeshire, which suggests a possible Scottish link.
However, the fact that most of the streets in these suburbs bear English names may indicate that Mr Kinmont was English, particularly since there are places called Kinmont Beck and Kinmont Buck Barrow in the northern English county of Cumbria.
Greenhill (Aberdeenshire, Argyll & Bute, Scottish Borders, Dumfries & Galloway, East Ayrshire, Falkirk, Highland, Moray, North Lanarkshire, Orkney Islands, Perth & Kinross, Stirling and South Lanarkshire) but also fairly widely found in England and to a lesser extent in Wales.
Moreover, there are many places in both Scotland and England called Green Hill (the Scottish list includes places in Aberdeenshire, Angus, Scottish Borders, Dumfries & Galloway, East Ayrshire, Fife, Moray, North Ayrshire, Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands, South Ayrshire and South Lanarkshire) but Green Hill occurs even more commonly throughout England. It is nevertheless interesting to note that most of the streets in Greenhill have Scottish names.
Hillside, Hillside East and Hillside South – Places called Hillside can be found in Aberdeenshire, Angus, City of Edinburgh, Dumfries & Galloway, Fife, Inverclyde, Moray, Orkney Islands, Perth & Kinross, Shetland Islands and South Lanarkshire, but are found just as commonly in England, sometimes spelled Hill Side, and also in Wales. Nearly all the streets in Hillside have names from all four constituent parts of the British Isles, Scottish examples being Bute, Caithness and Banff.
Kingsdale (Fife and Orkney Islands) but it is also the name of a place in North Yorkshire, England. Montgomery Crest Montgomery – although Montgomery/Montgomerie is a Scottish surname (of Norman origin – the family crest is illustrated here), and is also the name of a town and former county in mid-Wales (again of Norman origin), the name of this suburb has no connection with either Scotland or Wales. Instead, it honours Field-Marshall Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein (Bulawayo City Suburb Names).
Northgate (Aberdeenshire) also in four English counties. Newton and Newton West – there are many places in Scotland called Newton, in Aberdeenshire, Angus, Argyll & Bute, Scottish Borders, Dumfries & Galloway, Fife, Highland, Inverclyde, North Ayrshire, Midlothian, Moray, Orkney Islands, Perth & Kinross, Shetland Islands, Stirling, South Lanarkshire, West Lothian and Western Isles.
There are also many other places such as Newton Mearns in East Renfrewshire, Newton of Ardtoe in Highland, Newton of Balcormo in Fife, etc. Newton is just as commonly found throughout England and, to a lesser extent, Wales. There are in fact very few counties in the whole of Great Britain which do not have at least one Newton.
Surprisingly, the name is not used in Ireland. These suburbs appear to have been named for an estate in the area (Bulawayo City Suburb Names).
Northlinn / North Lynne – there is a suburb of Aberdeen City spelt North Linn. It is not clear, however, whether the correct spelling of this Bulawayo suburb is Northlinn or North Lynne, which could make the name either Scottish or English.
Glasgow from Queen’s Park Queenspark, Queenspark East and Queenspark West – there is a Queen’s Park in Glasgow (that’s the view of Glasgow from Queen’s Park seen here), but the name is found more commonly in England. Street names in Queenspark appear to be a mix of names from England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, some Scottish examples being Cromarty, Sutherland and Shetland. According to the Bulawayo City Suburb Names website, these suburbs were named for royalty, three of its main roads honouring British queens: Victoria, Alexandra and Elizabeth.
Riverside (Stirling) and Riverside North and Riverside South by association, but the descriptive name Riverside is also found in England and Wales. The names of these suburbs were apparently derived from that of an early estate in the area, which in turn had been named in relation to the Little Umguza River (Bulawayo City Suburb Names).
Sunnyside (Aberdeenshire, City of Glasgow, Dumfries & Galloway, East Ayrshire, East Lothian, Fife, Perth & Kinross, North Ayrshire, Orkney Islands, Scottish Borders, South Lanarkshire) also in England but not as commonly as in Scotland which probably says something about the premium placed on sunshine in Scotland! There is no record of the reason for the name of this suburb, which was apparently chosen from a list of suggested names (Bulawayo City Suburb Names). Sunnyside was a very popular choice of name during the 19th and early 20th centuries and can be found in at least 30 cities around the world.
Woodlands (Aberdeenshire, Argyll & Bute, Borders, Dumfries & Galloway, Fife, Highland, Perth & Kinross and South Lanarkshire) also all over England and is found in Ireland and Wales as well. The street names in this suburb all end in ‘wood’, with one or two sounding quite Scottish, e.g., Glenwood and Humewood but these names were possibly manufactured to sound rustic. Like Sunnyside (see above), the name of this suburb was chosen from a list of suggested names (Bulawayo City Suburb Names). The name can be found in at least 20 cities around the world, mainly in England, South Africa and Canada.
Hardly any suburbs appear to have been renamed since Zimbabwe became independent in the 1980s. Place name changes in and around Bulawayo seem to have been restricted to street names in the city centre and one or two suburban main roads. A map of the Bulawayo CBD in 1974 shows several streets with Scottish names (Jameson, Fife, Abercorn and Wilson) only one of which (Fife Street) has not been renamed. Jameson Street, for instance, originally named for Edinburgh-born Sir Leander Starr Jameson (‘Dr. Jim’), now honours Herbert Chitepo.
Chitepo, who was assassinated in Lusaka in 1975, was the first African in the colony of Southern Rhodesia to qualify as a barrister and was the first Chairman of ZANU during Zimbabwe’s armed struggle for majority African rule. It has proved to be difficult for the author of this article to obtain a detailed, up-to-date map of Greater Bulawayo showing the names and locations of its outer suburbs.
Any assistance in this regard from Zimbabwean readers would be greatly appreciated. Source-rampantscotland By © Ian Kendall Melbourne, Australia, April 2006 (Revised October 2007) If you wish to contact Ian about his research, his e-mail address is ian.kendall1@bigpond.com.

Mugabe caps 3 667 including youngest ever UZ graduate (18) who started Bachelor’s degree in Accounting at 14 years of age


President Mugabe yesterday conferred degrees to 3 667 University of Zimbabwe graduates from nine faculties and the College of Health Sciences.

The faculties are Agriculture, Arts, Commerce, Education, Engineering, Law, Science, Social Studies and Veterinary Science.

Of the graduates, 3 106 were conferred with first degrees, 535 with Masters Degrees and 25 with Doctor of Philosophy degrees. Among those graduating with bachelors’ degrees, 149 had first-class passes.

For the first time in the history of the university, an 18-year-old student was also conferred with her Bachelor’s degree in Accounting.

The graduate, Maud Chifamba, joined the university at the age of 14 years and completed her degree at the age of 18 years.

This year’s graduation ceremony also saw the pioneering graduates of the Marondera University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology.

In his address, UZ Vice Chancellor Professor Levi Nyagura, described this year’s ceremony as historic saying all these achievements were a first in the 61-year history of the university.

He said the university will continue to engage with various stakeholders and strategic partners for continuous improvement and to remain relevant.

“We do recognise that our society is getting more complex with dynamic varying sets of requirements,” said Prof Nyagura.

He said this presented a challenge that called for a re-think of the nature of the public service the university should provide.

Prof Nyagura said to that end, the university’s focus should be more on socialisation of knowledge by making sure that the university produced highly-qualified professionals and that the best research results were transferred to society.

He said the UZ was also open to capture the knowledge generated by society so as to sustain and further develop the intellectual and cultural base of the country.

“In this endeavour, we have committed ourselves to participate in national projects that empower our country to be competitive regionally, continentally and internationally,” said Prof Nyagura.

He said in addition, the university also reviewed its curriculum to promote innovation, application of science and technology and entrepreneurship.

“Our focus is to produce graduates with a strong foundation in science and technology and with problem solving and analytical skills,” he said.

Some of the training incorporated include Forensic Science, Geospatial Intelligence and Aeronautical Engineering.

Prof Nyagura said the university had also excelled in the development of GIS (Geographic Information System) and Earth Observation Sciences.

“The motivation for this development is the realisation that geographic sciences are key to human security including disaster and emergency response, crime and terrorism prevention, surveillance of diseases and disease vector outbreaks,” he said.

He said the university’s GIS and Earth Observation Centre had since been assigned by the African Union to carry out two major tasks.

Prof Nyagura said in line with Zim Asset, the university also embarked on a number of projects aimed at increasing infrastructure to meet the growing demand of education.

These projects include a building complex with 10 state of the art lecture rooms with a combined sitting capacity of 1 000, a pharmacy laboratory that accommodates 130 students and an engineering computer laboratory fully equipped with 100 state of the art computers.

Among notable figures that graduated yesterday are: Director General in the Office of the President Retired Major General Happyton Bonyongwe, Minister in Vice President Phelekhezela Mphoko’s Office Tabeth Kanengoni Malinga, Mbada Diamonds corporate executive George Manyaya, lawyer Godwills Masimirembwa and Highfield legislator Psychology Mazivisa.

They graduated with Masters Degrees in International Relations. Paidamoyo Chipunza, source-chronicle

SPACEX Founder, multi-billionaire Musk: says human beings must become a space faring civilisation and multiplanetary species

SPACEX FOUNDER, MULTI-BILLIONAIRE ELON MUSK: says human beings must become a space faring civilisation and multiplanetary species.
Musk says he plans to send 100 people on his space craft to mars planet on a trip estimated to initially cost US$10 billion per passenger by the year
The astronomous cost of the 2024 mars trip is expected to be eventually lowered for passengers to US US$100,00 a high figure, but certainly massively lower than the cost for the first 100 passengers.
MUSK vision of sending a space craft with 100 people to Mars by 2024 is driven by his belief that people must begin living in space or face extinction . Such a vision is, to him achievable with the first 100 passengers who are expected to set up a colony on mars and develop a livable space for themselves and future visitors and generations.
Mars trips to a planet which has shown evidence of holding water at one time is a feasible project but NASA has warned that, the trip has a lot of unknowns.
The unknowns include the risk of loss of muscle tone, exposure to radiation and therefore high cancer risk to those who will travel to Mars initially. This advice is also on the basis that Mars journeys are through hostile space zones where no one knows how to protect passengers from radiation and other unknowns.
It is also viewed as great challenge, that there is no evidence of how the passengers will be fed once on the planet and how the craft can be refuelled for a return journey back to earth, hence clearly a mission in which participants are fully aware they may never return to earth. For scientists, it is also a major challenge, not to expose Mars to microbes or germs from earth.
This announcement comes when another space development, a 12 yeear old mission for Rossetta will come to an end in afew hours time in a ontrolled crash into a 30 metre crater seen to have been spewing gas during studies.
Rossetta is not expected to be functional any further  after it lands in the crater but the data that the probe has sent, over the 12 year mission  is expected to shed light on the evolution and development of the planetary system     More news to follow… By Sibusiso Ngwenya
Photo-multibillionaire Elon Musk

MUGABE’S UN SECURITY REFORMS CALL: Ezulwini Consensus is a continental position for Africa





President Mugabe’s Press Secretary Mr George Charamba

Government has dismissed as shallow, attacks on President Mugabe by opposition functionaries following his weekend address at the airport where he said Africa might consider pulling out of the United Nations if the continent is not accorded two permanent seats in the world body’s Security Council. President Mugabe’s Press Secretary Mr George Charamba said the opposition exposed its little understanding of world affairs, adding that the position in question was a continental position adopted in Swaziland.

He said the agreement that was known as the Ezulwini Consensus was not an invention by President Mugabe and, it was shocking that the opposition came to know of it through President Mugabe’s weekend address. “There has been a very shallow response from the opposition to the President’s address at the airport,” he said.

“Firstly, the President was not developing a new idea. He was merely representing the position of Africa regarding changes we want to see happening in the Security Council. That position is now known as the Ezulwini Consensus. It was developed in Swaziland and we have spoken about it repeatedly.

“It’s a continental position and that is what is going to be Africa’s negotiation with the rest of the world in respect of the Security Council reforms. “The Indians have their position, the Japanese have their own position, Latin America has its own position — similarly Africa has its own position, and it so happens that the President who was coming from the General Assembly reiterated, not invented, reiterated the position of Africa.”

He continued: “Our well-educated opposition people who seem pathetically ignorant of world affairs, discovered Africa’s position for the first time from the President’s airport address. And they dare present their own pathetic views on the matter.

“It’s not a domestic issue. It’s a continental issue, and Africa has taken a position on the matter. The President was talking about his peers — Presidents of Africa not about puny little opposition people here. Little politicians here are not his interlocutors at that level. He is talking continental, he is talking global. Before they open their mouths, they must just pass the test of relevance in terms of discourse.”

Mr Charamba said Africa’s position was that the continent should get two seats with veto if veto was kept, or two seats without veto if the veto was abolished. “We are prepared to press very, very hard for that outcome and, ‘we’ means Africa,” he said.

“It does not mean Zimbabwe, except the fact that Zimbabwe is part of Africa. Really, the sub-text we are getting from the opposition is that they are the West’s skippers. They dare argue for the West. They dare argue for the P5 (five permanent members of the UN Security Council), as if the P5 has no capacity to answer for itself and it’s very much in character.

“They have never as opposition taken a national position let alone a continental one. They have always been pandering to a Western idea and they think the P5 needs their rescue. It doesn’t.”

Following President Mugabe’s address at the airport, members of various opposition political parties took turns attacking the Head of State and Government saying his views were not in order. They interpreted his address as Zimbabwe’s lone position when it comes to the reforms of UN Security Council. By Tendai Rupapa. source-herald

photo-President Mugabe’s Press Secretary Mr George Charamba

Yvonne Chaka Chaka survived a shootout between cops and hijackers in Midrand yesterday.


Yvonne Chaka Chaka survived a near death experience when she was caught in the crossfire between cops and hijackers in Midrand yesterday.

The legendary singer tweeted a picture of the scene with the caption “Wow this is what I survived. Thank you Lord”

According to the Midrand Reporter one hijacking suspect was killed during the shootout with cops and another was injured. Provincial police spokesperson Lieutenant Colonel Lungelo Dlamini told the paper “The men were being chased by police at the time. “[The] two suspects were shot, one died at the scene and another was wounded and airlifted to the hospital under police guard,” he said.

In another tweet Mama Yvonne said “Thank u all  it was very close. Never seen a thing like this except at the movies.wow.” We are glad she is safe. Source – Daily Sun

“What water is to agriculture, armaments are to security. Israel suffers from a shortage of both,” Israel’s Former President Shimon Peres Dies

Shimon Peres,  one of the founding fathers of the israel nation  and former Israeli prime minister has died. The elder statesman who is famously remembered for saying, “What water is to agriculture, armaments are to security died at the age of 93 years.

He is a Nobel Peace Prize winner and British honorary knight.  Shimon Peres, succumbed to a major stroke two weeks ago, and subsequently died in a Tel Aviv hospital.

Shimon Peres political career spanned a long phase, stretching as far back as being involved from way  before the founding of the Jewish state in 1948 to serving in twelve governments and also becoming Israel’s prime minister twice.

The veteran Israeli politician was originally  Israel’s prime minister in 1959,  before  becoming an MP and eventually being  accredited the ceremonial role of Irael’s national president   from 2007 to 2014.

Shimon Peres, political stint included serving as Israeli’s finance minister and bringing down Israeli’s inflation from 400% down to 16%.

The elder statesman served as president beyond his 90th birthday.

He was married to his Sonya for 66 years until her death in 2011. The couple had three children.

Shimon Peres  was born in Poland in 1923, before his family migrated to Tel Aviv in the 1930s when the land was still under British rule.

He married his late wife Sonya and their marriage lasted  66 years before  she died in 2011 having had three children together.

Shimon Peres  is affectionately remembered as a ‘Hawk, turned Dove’ having been originally for the Israeli settlements in the Palestinian nation but later shifting his views as he then saw this occupation as a stumbling bloc to a quest for peace in the area, for which he was awarded a Nobel peace prize in 1994. He was active in reacing a political settlement towards peace between the Israeli’s and Palestinians. By Sibusiso Ngwenya

photo-timesofIraell-former Israeli prime minister Shimon Peres

South African Government to regularise presence of thousands of qualified, unemployed Zimbabwean Teachers in South Africa



The Zimbabwean and South African Governments are working towards regularisation of the teaching profession to deal with unemployed but qualified teachers in Zimbabwe and at the same time address the need gap in South Africa in a collaborative manner.

The process is expected to see Zimbabwean teachers in South Africa being registered and licensed.

The move comes against the backdrop of an unquantifiable number of qualified Zimbabwean teachers working in South Africa. Some of the them are not in the education sector and those in the education sector are employed mostly in private schools, where authorities cannot easily monitor their conditions of service.

Addressing a press conference, flanked by South Africa’s Basic Education Minister Angelina Motshekga, after a two-day conference on identifying possible areas of cooperation, Primary and Secondary Education Minister Dr Lazaraus Dokora said issues of human resources, research, curriculum implementation and assessment are earmarked for collaboration.

“The way we have discussed this issue is to say that, when our teachers proceed to work in South Africa, we want to know where they are, how they are being deployed and we also safeguard their interests,” said Dr Dokora.

He said the collaboration was meant to find a common ground with South Africa for the benefit of not only the two countries but also the teachers themselves.

Dr Dokora said both countries also need to cooperate on curriculum implementation and assessment to modernise the two in line with the demands of the 21st century.

“We have shared matters of mutual interest, their experiences and our experiences too and we have agreed to continue collaboration together in the area of assessment,” said Dr Dokora.

He said other areas include educational conferences to keep learning from each other and arts festivals.

Minister Motshekga said South Africa had always held Zimbabwe’s education system in high esteem and therefore had a lot to learn.

She said one area her Government was keen to learn from Zimbabwe was the area of public examinations in which, she said, the country was way ahead compared to South Africa.

“Historically, South Africa looks forward to the education system of Zimbabwe and thus we never hesitated to take up your invitation to this meeting to see how best we can collaborate,” she said.

Minister Motshekga said a series of meetings will follow the engagement with her Zimbabwean counterpart to start operationalising other areas that do not necessarily require Memoranda of Understanding. By Paidamoyo Chipunza and Praise Bvumbamera,  source-chronicle

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